The original idea was to realize a great construction in which were reproduced the styles and the buildings that he had seen during his travels in the eastern provinces of the empire, where he sojourned more times; many buildings trace, with personal adaptations elaborated by the emperor in person, who was an optimal architect, the well-known monuments that he had visited, like the Liceo, the Pritaneo, the Accademia, the Pecile, the Valle di Tempe, the Canopus and many others. The result is a plan that show a marked taste of continuous search of new and varied things, expressed in an intentional asymmetry of the planimetric dispositions of the groups and the parts of the buildings, obvious consequence of the character of Hadrian "in omnibus varius", like the sources define it.

Ingrandisce foto Particular of the Large Baths

Relatively distant from Rome and its problems this Versailles of the antiquity however was well connected with the city: 17 miles (28 km approximately) separated it from Esquilina Door and then there was the Aniene river, navigable in ancient times.
Villa Adriana was used by Hadrian like imperial government seat in the winter period, so that the complex was enriched of other structures, like the theatre, the thermae and the libraries, inserted in a rich natural habitat, rich of water.

The constructive technique used is substantially the opus mixtum (pyramidal small blocks of tufo and bands of bricks) and, sometimes, only tiles. The Villa is articulated in a series of complexes, generally oriented from North-West to South-East, with a prevailing South-Western exposure, the most opportune in order to guarantee to a winter residence the greatest number of hours of sun. The buildings follow the course of the land, according to the main alignments connected between them by secondary axis. The functions of the greater number of the complexes are not univocally determinable: there are numerous and sumptuous rooms that could be used for representation, sojourn or other.

Ingrandisce foto The Maritime Theatre

The heart of the Villa seems to be the area that has like border at North the Libraries, at South the Small Baths, at East the Public square of gold, at West the Maritime Theatre and the Pecile.
Here the wealth of the decorations seems to indicate an imperial presence constant. The remaining complexes were occasionally used by the emperor and his court; a lot of other persons lived inside the complex (and had own spaces, clearly defined): the guard, the staff of the imperial bureaucracy, all the servile personal.

The several parts of the villa were connected by a true system of underground ways, some of them suitable for vehicles, others pedestrian, that functioned in an independent way, not obstructing the superior level, official and of representation level, becouse the life of who sojourned there did not have to be troubled, if not for indispensable reasons, from the daily activities to take totally pleasure in the pleasant and calm place that Hadrian chose as residence, protected from the noises of the city and plunged in the green; the tranquillity that you could find here was total, in fact the emperor loved to study here and to talk with his trusts.

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Con il patrocinio del Comune di Tivoli, Assessorato al Turismo

Patrocinio Comune di Tivoli

Assessorato al Turismo